May 19, 2022

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Women’s Day | What is the origin of International Women’s Day (why it is commemorated on March 8) | 8M | Clara Jetkins | Description | EC stories | The world

March 8 is an important date in many parts of the world.

It is reminiscent Regulated by the United Nations in 1975.

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This special day, in the words of the UN, “refers to ordinary women as the sculptor of history and has its roots in the centuries – old struggle of women for equal participation in society.”

Although it has become a global day for equality, many still wonder Where are you from And March 8 led to this international recognition.

To illustrate it, we need to look back: To the protests that led to a whole revolution. Late 19th century and early 20th century.

“Women and men are created equal”

International Women’s Day has its roots Labor movement In the mid-nineteenth century, at a time of great expansion and turmoil in the industrial world, women began to raise their voices more and more.

It was the story of a series of women’s lives in the West that day Limitations: The right to vote or the right to manage their own accounts, training and much shorter life expectancy than men due to childbirth and mistreatment.

An example of this growing concern and debate among women can be seen in 1848, when the Americans Elizabeth Gaddy Stanton and Lucretia Mott rallied hundreds of people. First National Conference on Women’s Rights, United States.

The two maintained that “all men and women are created equal” and jointly demanded civil, social, political and religious rights.

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So, they got ridiculed, especially about the right to vote for women, but they planted a seed that grew in the years that followed, the UN said.

By 1913, women were already fighting for the right to vote in the United States. At that time, there were frequent struggles to improve working conditions. (Getty Images).

In this context, historians agree to highlight the live preface to International Women’s Day 1908 Women’s Parade in New York, About 15,000 people protested, demanding shorter working hours, better pay and the right to vote.

One year later, the Socialist Party of America announces National Women’s Day, which is celebrated in the United States for the first time on February 28th.

In this context, a woman who goes down in history as the promoter of International Women’s Day explodes in the scene: German Communist Clara Zetkin.

Jetkin suggested the idea of ​​commemorating World Women’s Day in 1910 at the International Conference on Working Women in Copenhagen, Denmark.

One hundred women from 17 countries listened to his request Although there was no agreement on a specific date, it was unanimously approved.

Clara Zetkin (left) and Rosa de Luxembourg, one of the greatest revolutionaries of the 20th century.  (Public domain).
Clara Zetkin (left) and Rosa de Luxembourg, one of the greatest revolutionaries of the 20th century. (Public domain).

One year later, on March 19, 1911, the first International Women’s Day brought together more than a million people in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Switzerland.

Along with the right to vote and the right to hold public office, women’s right to work, vocational training and non-discrimination in work were demanded.

However, in its infancy,Remembrance (and) acts as a struggle against the First World War. “

It contains one of the keys to why March 8th was chosen.

Russia and World War I.

There are different versions of why this particular date was chosen.

But in the midst of the struggles against the Great War, the UN underscored the significance of the events in Russia.

“In the structure of movements For peace Prior to World War I, Russian women celebrated their first International Women’s Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. In other Europe, on March 8 of the following year, women rallied to protest the war or to show solidarity. Other women ”, the organization recalled.

In 1917, in response to the millions of Russian soldiers who had died, the women of that country took to the streets under the slogan on the last Sunday of February. “Bread and Peace”.

In Russia in 1917, thousands of women took to the streets against the war, which led to the revolution and marked the date of International Women's Day.  (Getty Images).
In Russia in 1917, thousands of women took to the streets against the war, which led to the revolution and marked the date of International Women’s Day. (Getty Images).

It ends with a series of days of strikes and forced exit of the jar.

“Despite the urgency of the Bolsheviks’ mobilization of women, the metalworkers joined in their (women’s) protest. About the origins of socialism. ” Women’s Day. “

Kaplan says Tsarist action failed, and instead began the “February Revolution,” which ended with the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II in March.

The success of Russian women was soon engraved: the Provisional Government formed after the return of the Tsar Recognized their suffrage.

Date of commencement of the strike of Russian women in the Julian calendar, then note in Russia, Sunday 23 February. March 8, the same day in the Gregorian calendar It is the date on which it is now celebrated.

In October 2019, after the social upheaval in Chile, thousands of women took to the streets to demand their rights. "A rapist on your way", The collective Los Deciles, later became the global feminist anthem.  (Getty Images).
In October 2019, after the social upheaval in Chile, thousands of women took to the streets to demand their rights. “A rapist in your path”, the collective los decis, later became a global feminist anthem. (Getty Images).

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Three decades later, in 1975, the UN established International Women’s Day on March 8 for the first time. Coincides with International Women’s Year.

Are there reasons to continue the struggle …?

We respond with the latest UN data:

  • 2.7 billion women do not have access to equal employment opportunities with men.
  • In 2019, less than 25% of MPs are women.
  • One in three women continues to experience gender-based violence.
  • Of the 500 CEOs in the world’s highest-earning companies, less than 7% are women.
  • In the 92-year history of the Oscars, only five women have been nominated for Best Director; Only one in five won the award (Katherine Bigelow).
  • The pay gap will not close until 2086 unless the current trend changes.

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