May 31, 2023

Complete News World

What is NATO? Ukraine | War | Russia | nnda-nnlt | Trends

The (NATO) is coming , In the process of joining the international camp in the face of the Russian invasion. More than a hundred people have been killed in the conflict and there has been a massive exodus from the Eastern European country.

More info | How the conflict between Russia and Ukraine arose

The group has been warning the regime of Vladimir Putin of the consequences of the attack, and for the first time in the history of the NATO response force.

Russia has responded to NATO’s “covert statements” by placing its military on high alert, including the use of nuclear weapons. The Russian government, before the start of the war, promised that there would be no invasion until NATO expanded further into Eastern Europe, but plans to annex Ukraine continued.

More info | Putin has called for greater caution against nuclear “preventive forces.”

What is the origin of NATO?

The formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) began on April 4, 1949. At the end of World War II, 12 countries signed the Washington Treaty, through which they agreed to form an alliance and pledge to protect each other. Armed aggression against any of them. Origin was essential to NATO’s restructuring of the West, as well as to its political, social and economic interests during the Cold War. NATO is headquartered in Brussels, Belgium and is spread across its member states of North America and Europe.

Symbol of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO or NATO, abbreviated in English) at the entrance to the organization’s headquarters in Brussels. (Photo: John Thais / AFP)

What is NATO and why?

A military organization is its purpose Is to guarantee the independence and security of its member states through political and military means. “When diplomatic efforts fail, the military initiates crisis management operations under the joint provision of NATO’s founding agreement (Article 5 of the Washington Agreement), either individually or in conjunction with other UN and international organizations, at the behest of NATO.

Why is NATO defending Ukraine?

The Ukraine has maintained close ties with Ukraine since joining the North Atlantic Cooperation Council in 1991 and the Peace Partnership Program in 1994, something that Russia does not like, and it is opposed to expanding alliances in the East.

In 2008 and with Viktor Yushchenko in power, Ukraine began its recruitment process by submitting an application for membership in the Alliance in Brussels. However, in 2010 the country’s presidency changed. Victor Yanukovych arrived, and relations with Europe cooled. This is something that the Ukrainians do not like, the so-called proposals in 2014. Euromidan.

Russia would then annex Crimea and repatriate the conflict. In 2017, the Ukrainian parliament passed a law redeeming NATO members and amending its constitution to meet the demands of the coalition. Finally, in 2020, the current President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zhelensky, approved a national security strategy aimed at joining NATO.

What are NATO Armed Forces?

NATO has very few permanent forces of its own. When members unanimously agree to participate in an operation, they voluntarily contribute to the forces. NATO has an integrated command structure that allows the coalition to make political decisions with military implications. In 2017, the combined military spending of the then 29 countries accounted for 52% of world military spending.

French soldiers from the 27th Battalion of the Alpine Chasers listen to a speech at the Istres airport before leaving for NATO mission in March 2022.  (Photo: Nicholas Ducot / AFP)
French soldiers from the 27th Battalion of the Alpine Chasers listen to a speech at the Istres airport before leaving for NATO mission in March 2022. (Photo: Nicholas Ducot / AFP)

Which countries are members of NATO?

The Is open to the co-operation of others who are willing to support the principles of this agreement and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic, ”it said. Below is a list of member countries in alphabetical order and their merger dates.

  • Albanian (2009)
  • Germany (1955)
  • Belgium (1949)
  • Bulgarian (2004)
  • Canada (1949)
  • Croatia (2009)
  • Denmark (1949)
  • Slovakia (2004)
  • Slovenia (2004)
  • Spain (1982)
  • United States (1949)
  • Estonian (2004)
  • France (1949)
  • Greece (1952)
  • Hungary (1999)
  • Iceland (1949)
  • Italy (1949)
  • Latvia (2004)
  • Lithuania (2004)
  • Luxembourg (1949)
  • Northern Macedonia (2020)
  • Montenegrin (2017)
  • Norway (1949)
  • Netherlands (1949)
  • Poland (1999)
  • Portugal (1949)
  • UK (1949)
  • Czech Republic (1999)
  • Romania (2004)
  • Turkey (1952)

Note: There are another twenty-one countries cooperating in the joint peace program in NATO, and are involved in fifteen dialogue programs and nine global partners.

Recommended video

What was NATO’s role in the origin of the conflict?

What was NATO's role in the origin of the conflict?
What was NATO’s role in the origin of the conflict?
See also  Who are the beneficiaries of Solidarity income 2023 and bonus 500 thousand | Answers