Attack on Central Zaporizhia This has provoked one of humanity’s deepest fears: to experience the horrors of nuclear disaster again. For this reason, Russian missiles struck the 4th largest nuclear power plant this Friday Ukraine And all the alarms from Europe and some of its facilities began to sound and began to burn.
“Military operations around nuclear facilities and other civilian infrastructure are not only unacceptable but also highly irresponsible.”, Said the UN. “We survived one night where the story could end. History of Ukraine. History of EuropeAfter Russian troops occupied the nuclear plant, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zhelensky said his part. ZaphoriziaIt is located about 150 km north of the Crimean Peninsula.
read more: “Putin is fully responsible for this illegal invasion, but NATO created the conditions for it to happen.”
Although firefighters put out the blaze and no casualties were reported, what happened has sparked a debate over nuclear safety in the war that began. Russia. Fears have been heightened by the fact that the invaded former Soviet republic is a nuclear-armed country. It has four reactors with 15 reactors with a capacity of 13,835 MW, which supply more than 60% of the country’s electricity.
According to Román Ortiz, a Spanish researcher at the International Defense Center at Francisco de Vitoria University (Madrid), it is clear that the purpose of the Russian attack was to restrict the nuclear plant’s ability to generate its energy. In fact, Central Zaphorizia It supplies more than one-fifth of Ukraine’s electricity, and was captured as a major victory for President Vladimir Putin eight days after the war, when other Russian developments were stifled by fierce opposition from the Ukrainians.
“Part of Putin’s strategy to subjugate Ukraine is to destroy its vital infrastructure in areas under the control of the Ukrainian government, making life unsustainable. I do not think the intention is to destroy the plant, and if anything happens, the safety of the nuclear plant is obviously in jeopardy.Says Artis Trade.
The expert emphasizes that one cannot forget the fact that this war is being waged in a technologically and socially advanced environment.
“Another characteristic is that most of the fighting takes place in urban areas, and many civilians are going to be affected because they are concentrated in those places. This conflict can have very serious consequences”, He adds.
Due to its Soviet past, Ukraine is a nuclear-armed country, but, paradoxically, has no nuclear weapons.
Artis recalled that Ukraine had received a significant number of nuclear weapons from the Soviet Union, which abandoned it due to strong pressure from Russia and the United States, asking it to hand over power to prevent the risk of its spread.
Ukraine pledged disarmament in 1992 under the Budapest Agreement signed by Ukraine, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom. In exchange for the handover of nuclear weapons, the signatories guaranteed the regional unity of Ukraine’s borders.
“Now one of the signatories to the Budapest Agreement is occupying Ukraine. What is the first lesson that everyone everywhere will learn? First, a nuclear weapon is the best guarantee to maintain your territorial integrity and your sovereignty; Second, if you get it, do not leave it under any circumstances because they may occupy you after a few years.”, Artis confirms.
Therefore, the expert believes that what happened in Ukraine affects all attempts to denuclearize any country. “No one wants to give up their nuclear weapons because it is shown that if you give up those weapons they will occupy you and leave you at the mercy of others.”.
Ukraine has maintained unsafe nuclear reactor systems since its Soviet past. “That is the problem, that is the poisonous tradition of the Soviet Union. “Ukraine has a very old industrial structure of the past, it is one of the oldest energy structures and these types of structures are very unsafe.” Artis maintains.
According to experts, the biggest source of insecurity for these facilities was the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, which occurred in April 1986 in Ukraine, when the country was part of the Soviet Union.
Precisely the ghost of that tragedy that roamed the world during the attack Zaphorizia. But, beyond fears, is it likely to happen again?
Artis believes that the Chernobyl disaster was caused by a problem in the design and operation of the plant and not because the nuclear plant suffered the consequences of the attack.
“This is unlikely to happen again. Now, with the possibility that the Russian military campaign could end in some kind of environmental catastrophe, including nuclear pollution or chemical pollution, I think it is entirely possible. It can happen“, Collaboration.
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