August 8, 2022

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NATO | Russia | Ukraine | Sweden | Finland | How true it is that NATO has expanded since 1949 and that it is “dangerously close” to Russia The world

The Has made it clear that its slogan is to strengthen itself against . In addition to increasing the military presence in the Baltic Sea, the Atlantic Security Council has formally called for the accession of NATO not only to the end of the traditional neutrality between Sweden and Finland, but also to NATO’s most important expansion. Decade and a severe setback for Moscow.

On this day of the Coalition Summit in Madrid, 30 leaders North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) They defined Russia In response to the invasion, “the most important and direct threat to the security of the Allies.” Ukraine Launched by the President Vladimir Putin. With this, the “Madrid Strategic Concept”, the document that will guide their activities for the next 10 years, put an end to the “strategic partner” approach they have had with Moscow since 2010.

See: NATO leaders formally invite Finland and Sweden to join the alliance

In response to Putin’s war in Ukraine, the allies insisted that Russia was doing the opposite of what Russia had hoped for. NATO.

Both Finland and Sweden, which broke Turkey’s veto and have a 1,300-kilometer border with Russia, are now preparing to combine well-trained soldiers. NATOWith the intention of giving the Alliance superiority in the Baltic Sea.

Wanted less NATO. Now President Putin is getting more NATO Within its boundariesSaid Coalition Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg (center) joins US President Joe Biden (left) to mark the beginning of a roundtable for the NATO summit in Madrid on June 29, 2022. (Photo by Susan Walsh / Pool / AFP) / Susan Walsh

Russia responded by condemning NATO’s “aggression” and calling for “deep instability” for the alliance between Sweden and Finland. “Our position is known, and it will not change, and we consider the expansion of the Atlantic Alliance to be particularly destabilizing internationally.Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Rybkov said. “We guarantee 100% security in any case“, He added.

Important reinforcement

NATO has expanded eightfold since it was created in 1949 to defend Europe against the Soviet Union. The alliance with Finland and Sweden will expand its rankings to 30 to 32 member states.


The entry of countries such as Lithuania and Latvia into the Helsinki-Stockholm alliance will strengthen the security of the region and the security of the Baltic states.

Roman Artisan, a Spanish analyst on international security, points out that this is the most important expansion of NATO’s east.

Finland and Sweden are next in line to Russia. This merger offers the coalition strategic advantages and, above all, an important political impetus. Not too long ago, French President Emmanuel Macron said that the federation had reached a brain drain, but now NATO is playing a key role in controlling Russia, but many countries want to join.”, He tells El Comorcio.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg poses with membership application submitted by Finland and Sweden.  (Johanna Geron / Pool / AFP).
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg poses with membership application submitted by Finland and Sweden. (Johanna Geron / Pool / AFP).

One of the main lessons of the crisis in Ukraine is that if you are outside, you are more likely to be attacked than you are inside.

By annexing Helsinki, NATO will double its territorial limits with Russia, which now borders six allies: Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland – both through the Kaliningrad- and Norwegian enclaves. Therefore, the new geographical position will allow the alliance to be more stable and strategic in the north, next to Russia.

Artis says the merger of Sweden and Finland marks the merger of two military forces into NATO and has a long tradition of cooperating with the Atlantic Alliance, so it will be much easier to integrate them. In addition, both countries offer some important specialized capabilities in dealing with Russia, especially as it relates to operations in very cold climates. “These countries have this experience, which enhances the potential of the Alliance in this regard.“, To explain.

Threat to Moscow?

Moscow has stressed in recent years that NATO expansion threatens its security. According to Artis, one should not miss the fact that the plans of the Atlantic Alliance are not always defensive and offensive.

Russian President Vladimir Putin.  (Photo: AFP)
Russian President Vladimir Putin. (Photo: AFP) / Michael Clementev

On the other hand, he explains, the expansion occurred because the nations of Eastern and Central Europe, using their sovereignty, were asked to join the Atlantic Alliance. “This is not an expansion by the Coalition, it is an expansion caused by the unwillingness of the East to leave. Now we know that they are right, they did not want to leave because they were afraid of the Russian occupation.“, It says.

Putin uses this pseudo-argument to justify his desire to limit the sovereignty of the independent states around Russia.He concludes.

Moscow has insisted that the threat did not come from Russia. Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryapkov has said, “This is precisely the alliance that is threatening us.

The Russian official stressed that Russia would do everything “the security of our country and the security of our allies is guaranteed regardless of any wave expansions.”

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