May 28, 2023

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COP26 | World leaders pledge to end deforestation by 2030 | The world

World leaders gathered there They will pledge $ 19.2 billion in public and private funding to end deforestation by 2030 on Tuesday, which was condemned by environmental activists as “the green light for another decade of deforestation”.

“Countries from the northern forests of Canada and Russia to the rainforests of Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo will approve the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use.”, The British Presidency of the Conference advanced on Monday.

Climate insurgents such as Brazil, Russia or China, along with countries such as Costa Rica, Ecuador, the United States or the European Union, have lagged behind in their commitment to global warming in the list of more than a hundred signatories.

Together, they cover 85% of the world’s forests, covering more than 13 million square miles, or 33.6 million km2, the report said.

According to organizers, at the 100th event, Colombian President Evan Duk said, “Many leaders from all walks of life, representing all kinds of forests, have never been together before.”

His country is committed to enacting legislation aimed at eradicating deforestation by zero by 2030 and to protect 30% of its land and marine resources by that date.

Parallel to this announcement of 100 leaders, the US Ford Foundation has indicated that $ 1.7 billion will be dedicated specifically to indigenous peoples.

The report explains that the alliance of five countries, along with 17 private donors, “aims to support the rights of indigenous peoples and their role as protectors of forests and nature.”

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Amazon “Can’t Survive”

But the big announcement of 100 leaders was greeted as if cold water was splashed by environmental groups like Greenpeace.

“There is a good reason why (Brazilian President Jair) Paulsonaro felt comfortable signing this new agreement,” said Carolina Pasquale, executive director of Greenpeace Brazil. It “allows another decade of deforestation and is not tied up,” he added.

“The Amazon is already on the brink and deforestation will not survive for years. The tribes are calling for 80% of the Amazon to be protected by 2025. They are right, that is what is needed. The climate and the natural world cannot accept this agreement,” he stressed.

Forests and forests absorb almost a third of the global CO2 emitted by the burning of fossil fuels, but every minute the equivalent of 27 football fields is lost, according to COP26’s leadership.

On the other hand, 23% of global CO2 emissions come from activities such as logging, deforestation and agriculture, and 1.6 billion people – almost 25% of the world’s population – depend on forests for their livelihood.

The British government has stated that the commitment to “stop and reverse deforestation and landslides by 2030” includes a “package of unprecedented economic and political commitments.”

These activities will be supported by $ 12 billion in public funds contributed by 12 countries between 2021 and 2025, and $ 7.2 billion in private investment by more than 30 global financial institutions such as Aviva, Schroeder and Axa.

These measures should support measures such as the recovery of degraded lands in developing countries, the fight against wildfires and the protection of the rights of indigenous communities.

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In addition, the 28 governments, which represent 75% of the global trade in key commodities that threaten forests such as palm oil, cocoa and soybeans, will have to sign another declaration promising to reduce forest pressure, support smallholders and improve distribution transparency. Chains.

According to British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, “Thanks to this unprecedented commitment, we have the opportunity to end nature’s long history as a conqueror of nature and to become its protector.”

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