September 17, 2021

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Afghanistan: What are the main beliefs of the Taliban? Taliban | Rebel Movement | Beliefs | Afghanistan | Nnda-nnlt world | The world

After the Taliban misappropriated power , The concern of what could happen to thousands of women in this country has once again become a concern, and when beliefs and obstacles appear to threaten the imminent change that is to come And his forces.

More info | How quickly did the Taliban seize control of Afghanistan?

But what is known about the Taliban’s beliefs, beyond the threat posed to women in Afghanistan today? By what laws are they governed? Why are they afraid of their restrictions and punishments?

Islamic law

According to experts, the Taliban ruled with strict interpretation of Islamic law Sharia, Which is the basis of Islamic law and contains ethics that govern the conduct and ethics of citizens: daily practices, family obligations or religious orders.

Under this package Rules based on the Quran – Islamic Religious Book – In terms of religious morality, are permissible or not.

If etymology is Sharia “The Path to Peace” And it comes from four sources: Quran (recitation), Ijma (consensus), Ijtihad (effort) and Hadith (story).

More info | Taliban: Who they are, how they are funded and what is behind this insurgent movement

General rules of Sharia

Although UNESCO is considering it “Sharia is a cognitive, flexible and adaptable concept”Therefore, it is subject to change over time and socially, and not all countries use it equally, and as part of their key mandates, the following stand out:

They have to go to the mosque Five times a day Schedule

Having an Islamic name is mandatory.

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Prohibited Listen to music, watch movies or series.

The slogan ‘Allah-u-Akbar’ is required. (Allah is Great) At sporting events.

Care and training of Birds birds are not allowed as they are considered ‘un-Islamic’ activities.

ர்கள் Young people should have their hair shaved and adult men should wear a specific dress, in addition to growing a beard.

It is not allowed to celebrate the traditional New Year, March 21st (Navros) This is considered a pagan festival.

As International Labor Day (May 1) is considered communist, commemoration is forbidden.

Exercises and Penalties

Not only were murderers and prostitutes publicly hanged under the command of the Taliban in Afghanistan, but the perpetrators of the robbery were also cut off. Moreover, for that reason, they were often charged with violations and human rights violations due to the severe punishments they imposed.

Public executions, stoning and flogging were common between 1996 and 2001, the years when the Taliban were at the forefront in Asia.

For example, women were punished with flogging, beating and verbal abuse on those accused of not covering their ankles and having sex, for not dressing according to the rules or not going with their mahram. Outside of marriage, they were generally stoned. So many women are scared.

Rules for women

Precisely, the Taliban’s relationship with Afghan women deserves a separate point, as well as the ban on working or studying (in schools, universities). Or any educational institution), should wear a burqa, which generally covers from head to toe.

But, not only that, The Ban on female work Outside their homes, Applies to both teachers, engineers and other professionals. Some doctors and nurses were able to work in some hospitals in Kabul.

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Women in Taliban rule in Afghanistan need burqas. (Photo: AB)

What other things were forbidden to Afghan women?

When the Taliban were in power, these were other restrictions and penalties:

  • A complete ban on any kind of activity outside the home unless they are accompanied by a mahram (close male relative such as father, brother or husband).
  • Prohibition on closing contracts with male traders.
  • Prohibition of the use of cosmetics. Faced with incompatibility, the fingers of many women with painted nails were amputated.
  • They could not speak or shake hands with men other than Mahram.
  • Laugh out loud because strangers should not hear a woman’s voice.
  • Heeled shoes are prohibited because men cannot hear a woman’s footsteps.
  • Prohibit taking a taxi without your mahram. They could not be with the men on the same bus, they were divided into “men only” and “women only”.
  • They cannot be on the radio, television or in public meetings.
  • Sports training ban Or enter any sports center or club.
  • It is forbidden to ride bicycles or motorcycles, even with their mahrams.
  • It is forbidden to wear brightly colored clothes because they are “sexually attractive colors”.
  • It is forbidden to wash clothes in rivers or public squares.
  • Forbidden to lean from the balconies of their apartments or houses.
  • They do not have access to public toilets.