May 31, 2023

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Twenty years after the attack , CIA torture classified as “top secret” in the United States, CIA prison It remains open and some of its former prisoners have returned to power in Afghanistan with the return of the Taliban.

In the absence of an official account of one of the darkest chapters in history United States, Efe spoke with some of its protagonists: A senator risked his life to investigate CIAA former FBI agent who opposed torture and a lawyer who defended prisoners Guantanamo.

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Democrat Senator Diane Feinstein was the main promoter of the 6,700-page report, which is the best source of information about abuses against members of the CIA secret prisons and under the George W. Bush administration to date).

“The CIA’s torture plan is a terrible mistake.

Secrets are hidden in security

Senator was able to publish the 525 page summary in public in 2014, but the full version is classified.

The report was recorded on disks and then placed in envelopes with the words “Top Secret” in the custody of the CIA, the Pentagon and the State and Justice Departments, where they are still waiting. A president announced them.

Upon arriving at the White House, Barack Obama (2009-2017) banned the torture program, but refused to issue a statement for fear of provoking anger against the United States in many parts of the world.

In this photo released by the Department of Defense on January 18, 2002, Al Qaeda and Taliban members were detained at an X-ray camp at the Guantanamo Bay naval base in Cuba. (AFP Photo / US Navy / Shane D. McCoy)

Despite the dangers, Feinstein believes that the United States must examine its conscience to prevent a recurrence of torture: This is an important lesson we must never forget. “

US President Joe Biden has promised to categorize documents related to 9/11 until they pose a threat to the country’s security.

It also lowers expectations about the classification of the report, which is rumored to feature members of the Bush administration involved in the torture plot.

Useless brutality

The summary of the report, which was released in 2014, already cites CIA techniques as more brutal than politicians believe and the simulation of “waterboarding”, bathing in frozen water, insomnia and food and hydration. Rectum.

Former FBI agent Ali Soufan saw some of these abuses and assured Efe that the CIA’s force and violence were useless.

“Not only did the torture not work, but the torture had a cost. It damaged America’s reputation and moral standing, and it claimed lives,” Choufon said.

A Muslim and a Lebanese and American national, Soufan was another way to get information when interrogating Al Qaeda members.

A photo taken on March 2, 2002 shows a prisoner being taken to an X-ray camp in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.  (AFP photo / Peter Mahli).
A photo taken on March 2, 2002 shows a prisoner being taken to an X-ray camp in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. (AFP photo / Peter Mahli).

He used a kind of “poker game” in which he formed a relationship by inviting suspects over for tea or discussing the Quran, so that they could relax and lie or reveal secrets on their own.

Chauhan questioned Yemeni Saleem Ahmed Hamdan, who was detained in Guantanamo Bay by the United States as Osama bin Laden’s driver.

Tradition of GUANTÁNAMO

Hamdan was sentenced to five and a half years in prison by controversial commissions operating outside the civil and military justice system; Andrea Praso, the current deputy director of the Washington-based Human Rights Watch (HRW), is one of the lawyers defending him.

Browsen represented all ten Saudi delegates at Guantanamo Bay, and much of what he remembers at the time was his frustration at the difficulties in obtaining justice.

As a lawyer you feel completely powerless when you represent those detained in Guantanamo. Others control their living conditions, others control restraint and the things you can do as a lawyer are minimal compared to their daily needs, ”Bresson explained to EF.

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Biden said he wanted to shut down Guantanamo, but he has taken a much lesser approach than Obama, who has faced stiff opposition from Republicans in Congress.

What Obama did was transfer prisoners to third countries and in 2014 he transferred a U.S. soldier to five top Taliban officials who ruled Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001.

Many years later, those five insurgents joined the Taliban group that was negotiating the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, and some already held positions of responsibility. For example, the Prophet Muhammad has been appointed Governor of the Province of Omari Coast.

Moreover, although the history of torturing the CIA has not yet been written, the present and uncertain future of Afghanistan – the United States – will prevent us from forgetting its dirty war on terror.

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