January 24, 2022

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அட்டகாமா | Chile | It ends Latin American country Used clothes from Europe, Asia and America | NNDC | The world

The best clothing brands from Asia, Europe and the US, like a huge warehouse of all sizes, colors and models … the waste gathered in one place. One of the largest secret warehouses for used clothing is located in the Latin American country, which generates environmental alert.

Colorful mountains rise in the ruined landscape of the Atacama Desert Chile. They are a growing force that enters the free zone of the port of Iguau, 1,800 km from Santiago, with 59,000 tons per year.

Excessive and rapid consumption of clothing, with chains capable of releasing new products over 50 seasons a year, led to the rapid growth of the textile waste world, which took about 200 years to decompose.

It is made in China or Bangladesh and purchased in Berlin or Los Angeles before being thrown away. At least 39,000 tons end up as hidden waste in the desert in the northern Alto Haspiccio region. Chile, One of the ultimate targets for “second hand” clothing or from past seasons of fast fashion chains.

Chile It is a leading importer of used clothing in Latin America. For nearly 40 years there has been a solid trade in “American clothing” in stores across the country, delivering in bundles purchased free of charge from the United States, Canada, Europe, and the North Zone across the country.

“These dresses come from all over the world”Alex Carreno, a former employee of the import zone of Iguau port, lives near the warehouse and explains the AFP location.

Chile is a leading importer of used clothing in Latin America (Photo: Martin Bernetti / AFP)

In this area of ​​importers and priority taxes, merchants from other parts of the country choose clothing for their stores, and the rest in this area of ​​more than 300,000 people cannot pass through customs.

“Unsold to Santiago or moved to other countries (smuggling to Bolivia, Peru and Paraguay), then stays here because it is a free zone”, Carreño confirms.

The desert landscape has stains of all kinds of rubbish, and many come from clothing, wallets and shoes. Paradoxically, rain boots or ski boots stand alone in one of the driest parts of the world.

A woman, who did not want to be named, dipped half of her body into a pile and wandered around looking for the best that could be sold.

Elsewhere, two young women, Sofia and Jenny, who crossed the border between Bolivia and Chile a few days ago, choose “cool stuff” as their children crawl through the textile mountains, about 350 km from the mainland: “We came looking for clothes because we didn’t have clothes. We threw them all away when we were packing here again.”

Toxic fashion

Reports on the textile industry have exposed the high cost of rapid civilization, along with low-wage labor, child labor reports, and poor conditions for mass production. In addition, catastrophic statistics of its enormous environmental impact comparable to those of the oil industry are included today.

According to a 2019 UN study, world apparel production doubled between 2000 and 2014, showing that it was “responsible for 20% of global water waste”.

The same report points out that the production of jeans (jeans) alone requires 7,500 liters of water, the production of clothing and footwear produces 8% of greenhouse gases, and “every second a quantity is buried or incinerated. Trash”.

Aldo Hospice, Chile, searches for used clothing by a woman among tons of discarded clothing in the Atacama Desert in Ecuador.  (Photo: Martin Bernetti / AFP)
Aldo Hospice, Chile, searches for used clothing by a woman among tons of discarded clothing in the Atacama Desert in Ecuador. (Photo: Martin Bernetti / AFP)

On the textile rubbish heaps of this Chilean desert, you can see the “wall” of trousers with the American flag, a pair of shiny skirts and labels, and a collection of sweaters with the most popular Christmas images. December in London or New York.

“The problem is that the clothes are biodegradable and contain chemicals, which is why it is not accepted at the municipal landfill,” he said. Franklin Zepeda, founder of EcoFibra, told AFP, with Alto Hospicio, a circular economics company, that it manufactures heat-insulated panels based on these disposable garments.

The ground is covered with heavy clothing with the help of municipal trucks, in an attempt to prevent the fire, which is highly toxic by chemicals and synthetic fabrics.

But buried or exposed clothing releases pollutants into the air and groundwater layers. Fashion is as toxic as tires or plastic.

Source: AFP

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